Tag Archives: shoulder fore

Dress it for the Vertical by Aspire Equestrian

My dear dressage enthusiasts, I got to thinking, maybe you are not all blinkered and utterly obsessed with dressage – bit odd but might be true.  Vertical 2Maybe some of you, dare I say it, actually jump your horses over something more than a cavelleti.  Well, if this is the case and despite me knowing absolutely zilch about jumping, today I have a treat for you.

It is my absolute pleasure to introduce to you Wiola Grabowska.  Wiola is a freelance coach and founder of Aspire Equestrian Riding Academy which focuses on thorough rider education at grassroots levels of dressage, jumping and eventing.  I asked Wiola to do a guest post, for me focussing on how dressage training benefits the show jumper and to my delight she has given us 2 dressage exercises that will make a real difference to your jumping.

So, for those of you who actually ask your horse’s hind legs to leave the ground, here’s what she has to say.  Enjoy …

Dress it for the Vertical – Two dressage moves that every jumping rider needs to do very well

There are at least five things that matter to you when you turn around the corner in your lovely three beat canter and head straight for colourful vertical waiting for you across the long diagonal of the arena and these are: Continue reading Dress it for the Vertical by Aspire Equestrian


UIn the early stages of your training all transitions can be progressive, but most benefit will be gained if your horse is sharp from the leg and goes straight into the new gait with one tap of the leg.UP

Don’t let your horse fall onto his forehand in the transition. Think ‘ UP ‘ on the transition down and again don’t let the horse fall onto his forehand.

Ride a half halt and use the power you have created to engage the hindquarters. You will then be swapping / exchanging forward momentum for elevation.  And once again, think ‘up’.

Here’s what to do … the key exercise for developing uphill balance is shoulder fore.  This is an exercise that helps develops straightness and also helps your horse to carry himself.

Walk straight down the long side; at B or E make a 10-meter circle, the bend on the circle positions the shoulders slightly to the inside, as it needs to be for shoulder-fore. Maintain the bend as you complete the circle and walk the next few strides on the rail in shoulder-fore: your horses hind feet on the track and his  front feet slightly displaced to the inside, use the outside rein ONLY to balance him.

Maintain tempo and rhythm at all times!

Patricia – The Dressage Tipster



Shoulder Fore and Shoulder In

The lateral movements Shoulder Fore and Shoulder In should not hold any fear for you.

Not enough riders at grass roots levels (intro, prelim, novice, elementary) use shoulder fore and shoulder in as basic schooling exercises. These are essential exercises because they keep the inside hind leg stepping under and are the very foundations for helping your horse to find his rhythm and become supple.

They are not difficult exercises and come easily with practice. Shoulder-in is simply maintenance of the bend that you have established for the corner all the way up the long side.Shoulder Fore and Shoulder In

I cannot stress enough – you should use shoulder-fore and shoulder-in in your warm up, EVERY TIME you ride.

You and your horse will feel the benefits almost immediately you begin to use the exercises regularly.

Just give them a go, get some help to do them, but make it a priority.  Nuno Oliviero said “Shoulder In is the aspirin of dressage, it cures everything”.  And I for one will not argue with that!

Patricia – The Dressage Tipster


Crystal System Book

Shoulder In Position – Only One Rule Applies

Shoulder In

Shoulder InMoving on to laterals and my shoulder position has become a focus and is all important! Essentially there is one rule. Move your shoulders so that they are always parallel to the horse’s shoulders.

Yeah, then what? I hear you cry.

Well, nothing actually it might seem a simplistic thing to say but I have seen many riders with shoulders not matching those of the horse and the horse struggling to follow the movement.

Check your shoulder angle matches your horses, on circles, straight lines and laterally. In the photograph of the Spanish Riding School of Vienna, see how the rider is sitting as if he is riding towards the camera, when actually he is going laterally up the side of the school.

His shoulder/body position is completely in line with the horses.

Patricia – The Dressage Tipster


Rider Tension


Shoulder fore off the bend …

Approach bend, half halt, inside leg, look where you are heading, catch the quarters with the outside leg, sit still and go – “No – too late, go again” – the all too familiar list of instructions that I run through when preparing for a shoulder fore. After several attempts I was just not getting it, – go again, and again …


• Coach : Ok, run through what you are doing
• ME: As Above
• Coach : Ok, but are you doing it all at the same time?
• ME: Huh? – Oh, I see (Light switch ON)


So … as you approach the bend, all at once – half halt – inside leg – look where you’re going – catch the quarters – sit still – Let it happen!

The milliseconds it was taking me to do these things one at a time in sequence did not have the desired effect. All together! in the same moment! at the same time! all at once! We have shoulder fore. Eureka! 

Patricia – The Dressage Tipster