Q12 – Are Your Legs Under Control?

“Nag, nag, nag, nag, nag, nag, nag, … why not give your horse a break and see whether he’ll keep moving if your legs stop flapping – it’s worth a try!”

Legs Artist – Zella Strickland

I am a big believer in putting the leg on and then always immediately off – a squeeze and release.  This assumes that your legs are hanging gently at your horse’s side and only being used when needed and not clamped on for dear life or bump, bump, bumping with every stride.

The mechanics, when your horse is not responding are as follows:

  • The leg is on and immediately off
  • No response? Try again – same pressure – click with the tongue.
  • No response? Leg again – more pressure
  • No response? Leg again – with same pressure as second time and a tap of the whip behind the leg at the same time as you are applying the leg pressure, in order to reinforce what you are asking.
  • No response? Small, gentle, slightly irritating taps behind the leg until you get the response.
  • As soon as you get a response release all pressure, stop tapping and clicking and GO!

However to get your horse sensitive you have to work towards the point where your horse actually will go from just a click of the tongue or the slightest pressure with the calf.

Where Are You On The Evolutionary Scale For Dressage Riders?

When you reduce what you do to its very essence you could not take away anything more without it becoming ineffective.  Likewise, anything you would add is unnecessary and would only really create clutter and confusion.

Usually everything we aspire to do goes through an evolution; a cycle of development until the process comes to rest at the ‘essential state’.  This is where it nears perfection for its purpose.   When you try to learn something new there is usually some seemingly chaotic input.  It’s hard to separate the relevant or even essential elements from the irrelevant but as you learn more you start to set the pieces of the puzzle together for yourself.

In time, you arrive at the mastery stage, where it is just right.  If you apply this principle to something as straightforward as applying your leg aid, it is beautifully demonstrated.  As with all things, it does not come naturally to your horse to make an amazing transition without being trained to do so.  The way you introduce the training will not be the way you do it forever.  You will refine it over time as you should consider thinking about refining everything you do.

Less (Legs) Is MoreLegs

Some time ago I wrote a blog entitled Less is More where I described my experience with being told to ‘use more leg’.

I have had a succession of instructors that have screamed “MORE LEG”, “PUT YOUR LEG ON” to the point where I had convinced myself that I did not have strong enough legs for the job.  Imagine then what a relief it was to me discover that the better way is “Leg On, then immediately off.  If you do not get the response, on again and immediately OFF. 

When you get the response you want, keep the leg OFF”.  If you don’t, back it up with a tap from the whip, but be persistent in the on/off approach.  Not more leg, less leg but more often and just to re-iterate, when you get the response you want – KEEP THE LEG OFF.

In this example, the use of the leg aid gets stripped back to its heart.  My horse is sharp to the aids and I am less tired.

Aiming For Mastery

Once you establish your horse’s way of going and /or a particular movement when you give the aids, half the applied pressure, quite simply to test if you can get the required result.  If the answer is yes, next time half the pressure again, until you strip the aid back to its ‘essential state’ .  In time you will ‘think’ trot, your body will automatically react by doing the absolute minimum required and you will lift effortlessly into the transition.

In dressage the aim is to seem to do as little as possible.  Clearly this is the ultimate goal but whilst you are en-route you should continually work towards this goal in ‘baby steps’ by reducing pressure gradually.  By doing so you are teaching your horse sensitivity to the aids.

This may sound overly simplistic, but it works. Sometimes, just doing what you have always done or what someone else expects of you muddies the waters and overly complicates things.


Do what you do and see if you get the same results when you halve the pressure.

See what kind of magic you can create.  Have a go, it will surprise you.

Have fun, as always

Patricia – The Dressage Tipster



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